Thursday, May 7th
Good morning, Good morning,
Many years ago when the Gould children would make the annual pilgrimage to Chicago for a visit to our grandmother. At that time my family resided three hundred and fifty miles West in Des Moines, Iowa. It was a good day’s drive for a car filled with nine people at the time. Two were yet to join the ranks of children. In any event, the Gould family looked like something out of the Grapes of Wrath. Upon arrival the children would be admonished to go no farther than the front porch if we went outside and if we were inside it was understood we would stay out of sight while all the relatives were catching up on all the family… stories.
Flight from all reality in the visit would take us to the basement where we would look for our grandfathers WWI helmet and bayonet hidden away in the closest at the bottom of the stairs. Though he had died a handful of years earlier the helmet and bayonet were dream catchers for the youngsters for where he had gone and what he had been about when he went off in WW I to play his part in the war to end all wars… in his time.
Our grandfather, Roy Jeremiah Day, was just out of college and was assigned to the signal corps with American Army troops in France. The year was 1918. He had finished his training in the States and was assigned a motorcycle for transportation. He survived unscathed and would return to the South Side and set out on the family porch and regale folks with his stories of France. The O’Neil kids from next door were often in attendance. No doubt they had their hands on the same dream catchers we found at the bottom of the stairs. Two of them would go to their own wars in France and beyond.
This letter is dedicated to our young seminarian, assigned to St. Francis De Sales Parish, during the contemporary Pandemic, Caleb Magowan. He has intentions to join the Army chaplain Corps after three years of priesthood with the Diocese of Arlington. “Be all you can be.” The story of the day deals with the Military Chaplain James H. O’Neil, the kid next door to my grandfather.
Many of you have most likely watched the movie, Patton. In the movie a great storm is taking place before the Battle of the Bulge. General Patton summoned the chaplain and ordered a prayer to be written to end the storm. The chaplain composed the prayer. The movie shows the general out walking in the elements reading the prayer out loud to himself. Hollywood had it wrong. What follows is a letter I wrote to one of my many many cousins in Chicago years ago. Young Eileen Day asked about the O’Neil connection with our family. Once again demonstrating with a long letter how small the world can be. Eileen herself had three children and four nephews who joined the Army and went off to their own wars in the Middle East. Her sister, Sharon, was an Air Force Nurse assigned to the battle zones in Iraq and Afghanistan. The letter to Eileen is followed by an article by Msgr. O’Neil on what actually happened with the prayer. And that is followed by the obituary for the good chaplain.
This prayer was composed by Fr. Thomas H. O’Neill, Chaplain to the US Third Army, under General George Patton, at the time of the Battle of the Bulge. It was part of the Christmas letter from the general to all his men. Within the letter they found an order to be followed out at the same time on a certain night. The order involved a prayer that God would lift the storm and allow them to proceed into battle. The prayer was to be offered by all members of the Third Army, the storm passed, and the rest is history.
Headquarters Third United State Army
To each officer and soldier in the Third United States Army. I wish a Merry Christmas. I have full confidence in your courage, devotion to duty, and skill in battle. We march in our might to complete victory. May God’s blessing rest upon each of you on this Christmas Day.
G.S. Patton, Jr.,
Commanding, Third United States Army
Almighty and most merciful Father, we humbly beseech Thee, of Thy great goodness, to restrain these immoderate rains with which we have had to contend. Grant us fair weather for Battle. Graciously hearken to us as soldiers who call upon Thee that armed with Thy power, we may advance from victory to victory, and crush the oppression and wickedness of our enemies, and establish Thy justice among men and nations. Amen
In this letter I offer a story from our dear uncle, Fr. Dudley Day OSA, who met with Msgr. O’Neill, in Colorado, before the good chaplain died. Allow several points of interest from their conversation.
First, Fr. O’Neill never saw the movie, “Patton.” He didn’t think it was possible to see it for the movie couldn’t possibly capture the personality of Patton.
Second, the Protestant chaplain had seniority over Chaplain O’Neil but refused to write the prayer. Fr. O’Neil was picked by default and, with the success of the prayer stopping the storm, became Patton’s Chaplain.
Third, Patton openly talked about becoming a Catholic. At a dinner party one night he assured the guests that Chaplain O’Neil would take care of it. O’Neil stepped forward and mentioned to the general, “To die a Catholic, you have to live as a Catholic.” Patton responded, “Right you are Chap.”
Fourth, Fr. O’Neil was transferred away from the Third Army after the war. Upon the death of the general in a car accident his widow sent two emissaries to Fr. O’Neil to see if he had actually brought her husband into the Church. That would have been a great scandal to the Episcopalian family back home. (Please note the upper military leadership in America at that time was predominantly Episcopalian and Masonic). O’Neil said he had not received the general into the Church but knew the chaplain, his successor, who would have the answer. He sent the emissaries to the chaplain with the directive to return to him with the answer. They never returned, leaving Fr. O’Neil to think the story of the conversion was true and the family hushed it up.
Fifth, there was a cute story of Chaplain O’Neil sending a note to all the chaplains of the Third Army, in lieu of difficult times in war theater when the fighting was severe. He encouraged them to be strong in the eyes of the men. That their Faith should inspire them to pray as well as demonstrate both hope and courage in their example to the men. In his closing admonition to the chaplains on their deportment he said, “Remember, we don’t want any ninnies.”
General Patton personally called Fr. O’Neil on the phone to criticize the letter to the chaplains and noted that he had left out a word before, “ninnies.” Fr. O’Neill asked for the word so the letter could be corrected. Patton, attired in a booming voice, said the word left out was, “Damn.” For, “We don’t any Damn Ninnies.”
Please call me if you need anything. God bless you and all the family in Chicago.
The True Story of The Patton Prayer
by Msgr. James H. O’Neill
(From the Review of the News 6 October 1971)
Many conflicting and some untrue stories have been printed about General George S. Patton and the Third Army Prayer. Some have had the tinge of blasphemy and disrespect for the Deity. Even in “War As I Knew It” by General Patton, the footnote on the Prayer by Colonel Paul D. Harkins, Patton’s Deputy Chief of Staff, while containing the elements of a funny story about the General and his Chaplain, is not the true account of the prayer Incident or its sequence.
As the Chief Chaplain of the Third Army throughout the five campaigns on the Staff of General Patton, I should have some knowledge of the event because at the direction of General Patton I composed the now world famous Prayer, and wrote Training Letter No. 5, which constitutes an integral, but untold part, of the prayer story. These Incidents, narrated in sequence, should serve to enhance the memory of the man himself, and cause him to be enshrined by generations to come as one of the greatest of our soldiers. He had all the traits of military leadership, fortified by genuine trust in God, intense love of country, and high faith In the American soldier.
He had no use for half-measures. He wrote this line a few days before his death: “Anyone in any walk of life who is content with mediocrity is untrue to himself and to American tradition.” He was true to the principles of his religion, Episcopalian, and was regular in Church attendance and practices, unless duty made his presence Impossible.
The incident of the now famous Patton Prayer commenced with a telephone call to the Third Army Chaplain on the morning of December 8, 1944, when the Third Army Headquarters were located in the Caserne Molifor in Nancy, France: “This is General Patton; do you have a good prayer for weather? We must do something about those rains if we are to win the war.” My reply was that I know where to look for such a prayer, that I would locate, and report within the hour. As I hung up the telephone receiver, about eleven in the morning, I looked out on the steadily falling rain, “immoderate” I would call it — the same rain that had plagued Patton’s Army throughout the Moselle and Saar Campaigns from September until now, December 8. The few prayer books at hand contained no formal prayer on weather that might prove acceptable to the Army Commander. Keeping his immediate objective in mind, I typed an original and an improved copy on a 5″ x 3″ filing card:
Almighty and most merciful Father, we humbly beseech Thee, of Thy great goodness, to restrain these immoderate rains with which we have had to contend. Grant us fair weather for Battle. Graciously hearken to us as soldiers who call upon Thee that, armed with Thy power, we may advance from victory to victory, and crush the oppression and wickedness of our enemies and establish Thy justice among men and nations.
I pondered the question, What use would General Patton make of the prayer? Surely not for private devotion. If he intended it for circulation to chaplains or others, with Christmas not far removed, it might he proper to type the Army Commander’s Christmas Greetings on the reverse side. This would please the recipient, and anything that pleased the men I knew would please him:
To each officer and soldier in the Third United States Army, I Wish a Merry Christmas. I have full confidence in your courage, devotion to duty, and skill in battle. We march in our might to complete victory. May God’s blessings rest upon each of you on this Christmas Day. G.S. Patton, Jr, Lieutenant General, Commanding, Third United States Army.
This done, I donned my heavy trench coat, crossed the quadrangle of the old French military barracks, and reported to General Patton. He read the prayer copy, returned it to me with a very casual directive, “Have 250,000 copies printed and see to it that every man in the Third Army gets one.” The size of the order amazed me; this was certainly doing something about the weather in a big way. But I said nothing but the usual, “Very well, Sir!” Recovering, I invited his attention to the reverse side containing the Christmas Greeting, with his name and rank typed. “Very good,” he said, with a smile of approval. “If the General would sign the card, it would add a personal touch that I am sure the men would like.” He took his place at his desk, signed the card, returned it to me and then Said: “Chaplain, sit down for a moment; I want to talk to you about this business of prayer.” He rubbed his face in his hands, was silent for a moment, then rose and walked over to the high window, and stood there with his back toward me as he looked out on the falling rain. As usual, he was dressed stunningly, and his six-foot-two powerfully built physique made an unforgettable silhouette against the great window. The General Patton I saw there was the Army Commander to whom the welfare of the men under him was a matter of Personal responsibility . Even in the heat of combat he could take time out to direct new methods to prevent trench feet, to see to it that dry socks went forward daily with the rations to troops on the line, to kneel in the mud administering morphine and caring for a wounded soldier until the ambulance Came. What was coming now?
“Chaplain, how much praying is being done in the Third Army?” was his question. I parried: “Does the General mean by chaplains, or by the men?” “By everybody,” he replied. To this I countered: “I am afraid to admit it, but I do not believe that much praying is going on. When there Is fighting, everyone prays, but now with this constant rain — when things are quiet, dangerously quiet, men just sit and wait for things to happen. Prayer out here is difficult. Both chaplains and men are removed from a special building with a steeple. Prayer to most of them is a formal, ritualized affair, involving special posture and a liturgical setting. I do not believe that much praying is being done.”
The General left the window, and again seated himself at his desk, leaned back in his swivel chair, toying with a long lead pencil between his index fingers.
Chaplain, I am a strong believer in Prayer. There are three ways that men get what they want; by planning, by working, and by Praying. Any great military operation takes careful planning, or thinking. Then you must have well-trained troops to carry it out: that’s working. But between the plan and the operation there is always an unknown. That unknown spells defeat or victory, success or failure. It is the reaction of the actors to the ordeal when it actually comes. Some people call that getting the breaks; I call it God. God has His part, or margin in everything, That’s where prayer comes in. Up to now, in the Third Army, God has been very good to us. We have never retreated; we have suffered no defeats, no famine, no epidemics. This is because a lot of people back home are praying for us. We were lucky in Africa, in Sicily, and in Italy. Simply because people prayed. But we have to pray for ourselves, too. A good soldier is not made merely by making him think and work. There is something in every soldier that goes deeper than thinking or working–it’s his “guts.” It is something that he has built in there: it is a world of truth and power that is higher than himself. Great living is not all output of thought and work. A man has to have intake as well. I don’t know what you it, but I call it Religion, Prayer, or God.
He talked about Gideon in the Bible, said that men should pray no matter where they were, in church or out of it, that if they did not pray, sooner or later they would “crack up.” To all this I commented agreement, that one of the major training objectives of my office was to help soldiers recover and make their lives effective in this third realm, prayer. It would do no harm to re-impress this training on chaplains. We had about 486 chaplains in the Third Army at that time, representing 32 denominations. Once the Third Army had become operational, my mode of contact with the chaplains had been chiefly through Training Letters issued from time to time to the Chaplains in the four corps and the 22 to 26 divisions comprising the Third Army. Each treated of a variety of subjects of corrective or training value to a chaplain working with troops in the field. [Patton continued:]
I wish you would put out a Training Letter on this subject of Prayer to all the chaplains; write about nothing else, just the importance of prayer. Let me see it before you send it. We’ve got to get not only the chaplains but every man in the Third Army to pray. We must ask God to stop these rains. These rains are that margin that hold defeat or victory. If we all pray, it will be like what Dr. Carrel said [the allusion was to a press quote some days previously when Dr. Alexis Carrel, one of the foremost scientists, described prayer “as one of the most powerful forms of energy man can generate”], it will be like plugging in on a current whose source is in Heaven. I believe that prayer completes that circuit. It is power.
With that the General arose from his chair, a sign that the interview was ended. I returned to my field desk, typed Training Letter No. 5 while the “copy” was “hot,” touching on some or all of the General’s reverie on Prayer, and after staff processing, presented it to General Patton on the next day. The General read it and without change directed that it be circulated not only to the 486 chaplains, but to every organization commander down to and including the regimental level. Three thousand two hundred copies were distributed to every unit in the Third Army over my signature as Third Army Chaplain. Strictly speaking, it was the Army Commander’s letter, not mine. Due to the fact that the order came directly from General Patton, distribution was completed on December 11 and 12 in advance of its date line, December 14, 1944. Titled “Training Letter No. 5,” with the salutary “Chaplains of the Third Army,” the letter continued: “At this stage of the operations I would call upon the chaplains and the men of the Third United States Army to focus their attention on the importance of prayer.
“Our glorious march from the Normandy Beach across France to where we stand, before and beyond the Siegfried Line, with the wreckage of the German Army behind us should convince the most skeptical soldier that God has ridden with our banner. Pestilence and famine have not touched us. We have continued in unity of purpose. We have had no quitters; and our leadership has been masterful. The Third Army has no roster of Retreats. None of Defeats. We have no memory of a lost battle to hand on to our children from this great campaign.
“But we are not stopping at the Siegfried Line. Tough days may be ahead of us before we eat our rations in the Chancellery of the Deutsches Reich.
“As chaplains it is our business to pray. We preach its importance. We urge its practice. But the time is now to intensify our faith in prayer, not alone with ourselves, but with every believing man, Protestant, Catholic, Jew, or Christian in the ranks of the Third United States Army.
“Those who pray do more for the world than those who fight; and if the world goes from bad to worse, it is because there are more battles than prayers. ‘Hands lifted up,’ said Bosuet, ‘smash more battalions than hands that strike.’ Gideon of Bible fame was least in his father’s house. He came from Israel’s smallest tribe. But he was a mighty man of valor. His strength lay not in his military might, but in his recognition of God’s proper claims upon his life. He reduced his Army from thirty-two thousand to three hundred men lest the people of Israel would think that their valor had saved them. We have no intention to reduce our vast striking force. But we must urge, instruct, and indoctrinate every fighting man to pray as well as fight. In Gideon’s day, and in our own, spiritually alert minorities carry the burdens and bring the victories.
“Urge all of your men to pray, not alone in church, but everywhere. Pray when driving. Pray when fighting. Pray alone. Pray with others. Pray by night and pray by day. Pray for the cessation of immoderate rains, for good weather for Battle. Pray for the defeat of our wicked enemy whose banner is injustice and whose good is oppression. Pray for victory. Pray for our Army, and Pray for Peace.
“We must march together, all out for God. The soldier who ‘cracks up’ does not need sympathy or comfort as much as he needs strength. We are not trying to make the best of these days. It is our job to make the most of them. Now is not the time to follow God from ‘afar off.’ This Army needs the assurance and the faith that God is with us. With prayer, we cannot fail.
“Be assured that this message on prayer has the approval, the encouragement, and the enthusiastic support of the Third United States Army Commander.
“With every good wish to each of you for a very Happy Christmas, and my personal congratulations for your splendid and courageous work since landing on the beach, I am,” etc., etc., signed The Third Army Commander.
The timing of the Prayer story is important: let us rearrange the dates: the “Prayer Conference” with General Patton was 8 December; the 664th Engineer Topographical Company, at the order of Colonel David H. Tulley, C.E., Assistant to the Third Army Engineer, working night and day reproduced 250,000 copies of the Prayer Card; the Adjutant General, Colonel Robert S. Cummings, supervised the distribution of both the Prayer Cards and Training Letter No. 5 to reach the troops by December 12-14. The breakthrough was on December 16 in the First Army Zone when the Germans crept out of the Schnee Eifel Forest in the midst of heavy rains, thick fogs, and swirling ground mists that muffled sound, blotted out the sun, and reduced visibility to a few yards. The few divisions on the Luxembourg frontier were surprised and brushed aside. They found it hard to fight an enemy they could neither see nor hear. For three days it looked to the jubilant Nazis as if their desperate gamble would succeed. They had achieved compete surprise. Their Sixth Panzer Army, rejuvenated in secret after its debacle in France, seared through the Ardennes like a hot knife through butter. The First Army’s VIII Corps was holding this area with three infantry divisions (one of them new and in the line only a few days) thinly disposed over an 88-mile front and with one armored division far to the rear, in reserve. The VIII Corps had been in the sector for months. It was considered a semi-rest area and outside of a little patrolling was wholly an inactive position.
When the blow struck the VIII Corps fought with imperishable heroism. The Germans were slowed down but the Corps was too shattered to stop them with its remnants. Meanwhile, to the north, the Fifth Panzer Army was slugging through another powerful prong along the vulnerable boundary between the VIII and VI Corps. Had the bad weather continued there is no telling how far the Germans might have advanced. On the 19th of December, the Third Army turned from East to North to meet the attack. As General Patton rushed his divisions north from the Saar Valley to the relief of the beleaguered Bastogne, the prayer was answered. On December 20, to the consternation of the Germans and the delight of the American forecasters who were equally surprised at the turn-about-the rains and the fogs ceased. For the better part of a week came bright clear skies and perfect flying weather. Our planes came over by tens, hundreds, and thousands. They knocked out hundreds of tanks, killed thousands of enemy troops in the Bastogne salient, and harried the enemy as he valiantly tried to bring up reinforcements. The 101st Airborne, with the 4th, 9th, and 10th Armored Divisions, which saved Bastogne, and other divisions which assisted so valiantly in driving the Germans home, will testify to the great support rendered by our air forces. General Patton prayed for fair weather for Battle. He got it.
It was late in January of 1945 when I saw the Army Commander again. This was in the city of Luxembourg. He stood directly in front of me, smiled: “Well, Padre, our prayers worked. I knew they would.” Then he cracked me on the side of my steel helmet with his riding crop. That was his way of saying, “Well done.”
(This article appeared as a government document in 1950. At the time it appeared in the Review of the News, Msgr. O’Neill was a retired Brigadier General living in Pueblo, Colorado.)
Chaplain James O’Neill
|Birth:||Jan. 14, 1892
|Death:||Apr. 17, 1972
Plot: Bishop’s Section